June 23


COVID’s Impact: Decrease in Solar Panel Installations

By hacheng1@gmail.com

June 23, 2023

Solar energy has been growing in popularity as a sustainable and renewable source of power over the years. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the solar industry particularly hard, causing a significant decrease in solar panel installations. The pandemic has caused a major shift in the energy market, making it challenging for the renewable energy sector to maintain its steady growth. In this article, we will discuss the main reasons for this decrease and the impact of COVID-19 on the solar industry.

COVID-19 and the Solar Energy Industry


As the world continues to grapple with COVID-19, the renewable energy sector has experienced a significant decrease in the installation of solar panels. Prior to the pandemic, there was a steady increase in solar panel installations due to the growing awareness of climate change and the need for sustainable energy sources.

In 2019, the global solar market saw a 12% increase in solar panel installations compared to the previous year. However, the outbreak of the pandemic in 2020 brought about a drastic change in the industry. The resulting economic slowdown and uncertainty forced many solar companies to halt operations or significantly reduce their installed capacity. In addition, travel restrictions, social distancing measures, and supply chain disruptions made it difficult for companies to reliably source materials and safely deploy workers for installations. The effects of the pandemic have been felt across all sectors, but the impact on the solar industry has been particularly significant. Despite these challenges, many experts believe that the industry will eventually recover, and solar panel installations will continue to increase in the years to come.

Impact of COVID

COVID-19 has had an unprecedented impact on various sectors globally, and the solar power industry is no exception. The pandemic has led to a significant decline in solar panel installations due to several factors. Many countries imposed lockdown measures, which have resulted in the closure of construction sites. This has led to a shortage of solar panel installations and a decrease in the number of workers available to install the solar panels.

Furthermore, supply chain disruptions have led to delays in obtaining necessary equipment, increasing the installation time. The decrease in solar panel installations has also been a result of a lack of demand from consumers. Households and commercial businesses have been affected financially by the pandemic, reducing their ability to invest in solar panel installations. In addition, financing for solar panel projects has become difficult to obtain due to the economic uncertainty caused by COVID-19. Despite the government subsidies available to support solar power advancements, the pandemic has led to many solar energy project postponements, affecting the solar energy industry’s growth.

Scope of Article

The scope of this article is to provide an in-depth analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on the solar panel industry. Specifically, we will explore the reasons behind the decrease in solar panel installations since the outbreak of the pandemic.

We will discuss the various factors that have contributed to this trend, including supply chain disruptions, reduction in government incentives, and decreased consumer confidence. Moreover, we will examine the consequences of this decline, such as job losses in the solar industry and its impact on the global effort to transition to renewable energy. Additionally, we will examine the measures that industry stakeholders have taken in response to the pandemic to mitigate the impact on the solar industry, such as adapting to virtual selling tools and investing in research and development activities. Finally, we will evaluate the long-term implications of COVID-19 on the solar industry, including the potential for increased demand for solar installations in the future.

In summary, this article aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the complex and multifaceted impact of COVID-19 on the solar panel industry and its broader implications for the renewable energy sector.

Factors Contributing to Decrease in Solar Panel Installations

Supply Chain Disruptions

One of the major challenges facing the solar industry during the COVID-19 pandemic is the disruptions in the supply chain. The limitations placed on the production and transportation of materials and goods have greatly impacted solar panel installation companies’ ability to obtain the necessary materials needed for their projects. The pandemic has led to a shortage of raw materials and equipment, which has, in turn, resulted in longer wait times for the delivery of products. Furthermore, restrictions on international trade have made it difficult for solar companies to acquire solar panels and equipment from overseas. The pandemic has caused delays in the shipment and processing of goods, which has consequently led to a backlog of orders and an increase in the costs of production. The supply chain disruptions have also made it difficult for companies to complete projects on time, which has led to frustration among clients and a decrease in the overall demand for solar installations.

Financial Uncertainty

Financial uncertainty is one of the major factors contributing to the decrease in solar panel installations due to COVID. The pandemic has caused an economic downturn in many countries, leading to a reduction in funding for solar projects. Governments and businesses that had previously committed to investing in renewable energy may now be hesitant to allocate such resources due to budget cuts and financial constraints caused by the pandemic. Additionally, the reduced demand for energy during the pandemic has made it difficult for solar companies to secure financing for new projects. The financial uncertainty caused by COVID has also affected the availability of investment tax credits and other incentives that are crucial for making solar projects financially viable. As a result, many solar companies have had to delay or cancel new projects, leading to a decrease in the overall installation of solar panels.

Reduced Workforce

One of the main challenges that the solar industry has faced due to the COVID-19 pandemic is the reduced workforce. This issue has arisen due to a range of COVID-related factors, including restrictions on travel, increased risk of infection and illness, and a lack of availability of workers. As a result of these challenges, many solar panel installation projects have experienced delays and cancellations. The reduced workforce has affected all sectors of the solar industry, including manufacturing, installation, and maintenance. Some workers have had to quarantine due to exposure to the virus, while others have had to stop working due to childcare responsibilities or other personal reasons.

The pandemic has also led to changes in the way that solar companies are hiring and managing their workforce. Many businesses have had to switch to remote work arrangements, which has presented additional challenges in terms of managing employees and maintaining productivity. Some solar companies have also struggled with finding qualified workers, as many potential employees are hesitant to work in an industry that is perceived to have significant health risks during the pandemic.

Overall, the reduction in workforce has been a significant issue for the solar industry during the pandemic, and it has contributed to delays and cancellations for many solar panel installation projects. Despite these challenges, many solar companies have remained optimistic about the future of the industry, and they are working hard to find ways to adapt to the changing circumstances and overcome these obstacles.

Decreased Demand

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a significant decrease in demand for solar panel installations due to economic concerns. As social distancing and stay-at-home orders were implemented, many individuals and businesses faced financial uncertainty, reducing their interest in investing in solar projects. Additionally, the pandemic caused disruptions throughout the supply chain, resulting in delays in obtaining necessary materials and decreased funding for solar projects. As a result, many solar companies faced reduced revenue, further reducing the workforce available for solar installations.

Despite the benefits of solar energy in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and lowering energy costs in the long run, the economic impact of COVID-19 has resulted in a decreased demand for solar panel installations. As individuals and businesses prioritize financial stability and immediate needs, solar installations have become a lower priority in their investment plans. This trend has been observed worldwide, with countries such as the United States and Australia experiencing notable declines in solar installations.

Furthermore, the decrease in demand has also affected the pricing of solar panels and related equipment. As solar companies face reduced revenue, they must decrease their operational costs, resulting in a decrease in the production of solar panels and related equipment. This decrease in supply has caused the prices of solar panels to remain relatively stable, despite a decrease in demand. As a result, it has become challenging for solar companies to compete with traditional energy sources, making it more difficult for them to rebound from the impact of COVID-19.

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the solar industry must adapt to the changing economic landscape. Companies must invest in innovative marketing strategies to promote the long-term benefits of solar energy and prove its financial feasibility. Additionally, the solar industry must collaborate with government bodies to incentivize solar installations and reduce regulatory barriers. By taking these proactive steps, the solar industry can rebound from the impact of COVID-19 and contribute to a more sustainable future.

Regional Differences in Decrease

North America

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the solar industry in North America. Despite initial concerns about the pandemic’s impact on the green energy sector, solar power installations have continued at a steady pace in North America. However, the pandemic has brought on several challenges for the solar industry, including supply chain disruptions, project delays, and a decrease in demand for solar power. The pandemic has also led to a significant reduction in the number of jobs in the solar industry as companies struggle to maintain operations amidst the economic downturn.

One of the main challenges faced by the solar industry in North America during the pandemic is supply chain disruptions. Many companies have reported that they are experiencing delays in procuring solar panels and other necessary equipment due to supply chain disruptions caused by the pandemic. The closure of factories in China, a major supplier of solar panels to North America, has also caused delays and price increases. Some companies have had to source solar panels from other regions to meet demand, leading to increased costs and longer project timelines.

Another issue faced by the solar industry in North America during the pandemic is project delays. With many states and provinces implementing lockdowns and social distancing guidelines, project timelines have been affected. The closure of government offices and permitting agencies has also caused delays in obtaining necessary permits and approvals for solar power projects. Some companies have had to delay projects until restrictions are lifted, leading to uncertainty and financial loss.

Along with supply chain disruptions and project delays, the pandemic has led to a decrease in demand for solar power in North America. The economic downturn caused by the pandemic has led to a decrease in consumer spending, causing some homeowners and businesses to delay or cancel solar power installations. The closure of construction sites and work stoppages have also impacted the installation of solar power systems.

The pandemic has led to a significant reduction in the number of jobs in the solar industry in North America. With many solar companies forced to shut down or scale back operations due to the pandemic’s economic impact, thousands of workers have lost their jobs. The solar industry, which had been a major driver of job growth in recent years, has been hit hard by the pandemic.

Despite these challenges, the solar industry in North America has shown resilience in adapting to the pandemic’s impact. Companies have pivoted to remote work, virtual meetings, and other strategies to maintain operations and continue installations. Governments have also recognized the importance of green energy for economic recovery and have offered incentives and funding to support the solar industry during this difficult time.


Europe has also experienced a decrease in solar panel installations due to COVID-19. The pandemic has caused disruptions in the solar industry, causing delays in project timelines. Many solar projects had to be put on hold due to supply chain disruptions and difficulties in transporting equipment and materials. Additionally, the pandemic has led to a decrease in financing for solar projects, as investors have become more risk-averse. The closure of government offices and restrictions on site visits have made it more challenging for solar developers to secure permits and approvals.

Despite these challenges, some countries in Europe have managed to maintain or even increase their solar installations. For instance, Germany has continued to install solar panels at a steady pace during the pandemic, with new installations increasing by 27% in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The Netherlands has also managed to maintain its momentum in solar installations, with new additions reaching a new record in 2020 despite the pandemic.

The decrease in solar panel installations in Europe due to COVID-19 has also highlighted the need for alternative business models that can help the industry become more resilient to future disruptions. One such model is the virtual power plant, which can aggregate and manage the output of distributed energy resources such as solar panels and battery storage systems. By pooling together resources, virtual power plants can provide reliable and flexible energy services while also reducing the costs associated with traditional power generation and grid infrastructure.

The solar industry in Europe has also been pushing for policy measures that can help support the sector during the pandemic. For instance, industry associations have been calling for the European Union to adopt a green stimulus package that can revive the region’s solar industry while also promoting sustainability and resilience. They have also been advocating for more streamlined permitting processes and support for innovative financing models that can make solar projects more attractive to investors.


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the Asia-Pacific region, including its solar panel industry. In the wake of the pandemic, many Asian countries that were once leading the world in solar installations have experienced a significant decline in deployment. One of the key challenges facing the industry is supply chain disruption, which has affected both the procurement of materials and the delivery of solar panels. As lockdown measures were enforced, factories closed, and shipping and logistics were interrupted, leading to significant delays and increased costs. Another major factor affecting solar installations in the Asia-Pacific region has been the reduction in demand for energy, particularly in countries like India and China, which are now experiencing economic slowdowns. Governments have also cut back on subsidies, which has reduced incentives for solar adoption. However, some regional powers like Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan have been able to remain stable despite the challenges, largely due to their efficient supply chain management, robust industrial infrastructure, and strong government policies and incentives.

Government Response

Policy Changes

Policy changes have played a vital role in mitigating the decrease in solar panel installations due to COVID. Governments across the world have initiated various measures to support the solar industry. First, several governments have waived off or deferred taxes on solar panel equipment and installation. This has significantly lowered the overall cost of solar panel systems, making them more affordable to consumers. Second, some governments have introduced net metering policies, allowing solar panel owners to sell excess energy back to the grid. Third, a few governments have mandated a certain percentage of energy generation from solar panels, boosting demand for solar panel installations. Fourth, many governments have increased their renewable energy targets, setting higher solar energy installation goals. Finally, some countries have introduced policies to provide subsidies or incentives for solar panel installation to individuals, commercial establishments, and industries.

Overall, policy changes have been crucial in supporting the solar industry and mitigating the decrease in solar panel installations. The policies have made it financially feasible for consumers and businesses to switch to solar energy, thereby increasing demand for solar panels. Additionally, many governments have used this opportunity to transition to cleaner and renewable energy sources, contributing to global efforts toward combating climate change. However, policy changes alone may not be sufficient to meet pre-COVID installation rates, and further collaboration between governments, the private sector, and civil society is needed to achieve sustainable solar panel installation growth.

Financial Aid

One of the biggest obstacles facing solar projects during the COVID-19 pandemic is the decrease in financial aid available. Despite the urgent need for renewable energy solutions, many governments have been forced to cut funding for solar projects due to the economic impacts of the pandemic. This lack of financial support has made it more difficult for businesses and homeowners to invest in solar energy systems, which can be expensive to install. In response, some governments have implemented new financial aid programs to help offset the costs of these projects, including tax credits, grants, and low-interest loans.

However, the availability and eligibility of these programs vary by region and project type, making it essential for prospective solar investors to do thorough research before pursuing them. In addition, some businesses have turned to alternative financing options, such as power purchase agreements and leasing arrangements, to make solar installations more affordable. Nonetheless, the decrease in financial aid has undoubtedly had a significant impact on the number of solar panel installations during COVID-19, as many individuals and organizations simply cannot afford the upfront costs without government support.

Future Outlook


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the short-term future of solar panel installations seems uncertain. There is a high chance that both the demand and supply chains for solar panels will be disrupted. The pandemic has resulted in global economic turmoil, making the consumers less likely to invest in new solar panel installations. Reduced demand for solar panels has impacted the market significantly. The renewable energy sector has already experienced a decline in the number of new installations. The lower economic activity affects the profitable returns that investors are looking at for long-term projects. Possible supply chain issues in the future may cause delays in solar projects and disrupt the overall industry operations. Simultaneously, many manufacturers of solar energy systems are now in the process of reviewing their strategy to adapt to the new normal. They are looking at ways to maximize their market share with reduced capital investment while meeting increasing consumer needs. Therefore, supply-side efforts should focus on ensuring the resiliency of their end-to-end supply chain to minimize the impact of possible disruptions. While the short-term future may appear bleak, the future of solar power installation is one of the brightest. The industry has shown resilience during past crises and has the potential to come out of the pandemic, more robust and well-equipped to provide clean energy solutions.


As the world continues to grapple with the COVID-19 pandemic, the solar industry has experienced a notable decrease in panel installations. The impact of this trend will go beyond the immediate future, with long-term changes expected in the industry due to the pandemic. Solar panel installations are typically a long-term investment, therefore it is essential to understand how this market has been affected in the long-term. Experts predict that the pandemic will significantly alter the industry, including changes in financing options, supply chain, and customer behavior. With the supply chain disruption caused by COVID-19, the renewable energy industry’s reliance on China may decrease, and other emerging markets may come to the forefront. Also, financial institutions may change their approach to solar financing, resulting in new investment policies that incentivize greener energy. Another possible long-term effect of COVID-19 on solar panel installation is its impact on customer behavior. With an increased focus on health and safety, many homeowners may opt for off-grid solar solutions, leading to the emergence of hybrid systems that combine both grid-connected and off-grid solutions. The demand for solar power storage, distributed generation, and remote monitoring systems may also experience growth in the long-term. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the solar industry and brought to light the associated risks and challenges. Regardless of these challenges, solar energy remains a crucial source of renewable energy, and solar companies must adapt to the evolving market dynamics to remain competitive and deliver value to their customers.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why has COVID-19 led to a decrease in solar panel installations?

COVID-19 has impacted the solar panel industry as a whole, with supply chain disruptions, delayed projects, and decreased demand. Social distancing measures have also made it difficult for installation crews to work on projects, leading to delays and cancellations.

2. Have government policies played a role in the decrease of solar panel installations due to COVID?

Yes, government policies have also impacted the decrease in solar panel installations. Economic stimulus programs and subsidies for fossil fuels have taken priority over investments in renewable energy. Additionally, permit applications have also been delayed due to the closure of government offices and limited staffing.

3. How has the pandemic affected the supply chain of solar panels?

The pandemic has disrupted the supply chain of solar panels, leading to shortages and delayed deliveries. The closure of factories and shipping ports, as well as the decrease in demand from some countries, has led to a decrease in the production and transportation of solar panels.

4. What effect has the decrease in solar panel installations had on jobs in the industry?

The decrease in solar panel installations has had a significant impact on jobs in the industry. Many solar panel installation companies have had to lay off workers or reduce their hours due to decreased demand. Additionally, the decrease in new projects has led to limited job openings for new hires.

5. Will the decrease in solar panel installations have long-term effects on renewable energy goals?

Yes, the decrease in solar panel installations may have long-term effects on renewable energy goals. The delay or cancellation of projects may lead to missing targets for renewable energy usage, and the lack of investment in the industry may lead to fewer opportunities for innovation and growth.

6. What steps can the solar panel industry take to recover from the effects of COVID-19?

The solar panel industry can take several steps to recover from the effects of COVID-19, such as investing in online project management tools to streamline communication and reduce physical contact on job sites. Governments can also prioritize renewable energy investment and focus on job creation in the sector.


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